Ciscoios findingfeatureinformation,page1 informationaboutframerelay,page1 howtoconfigureframerelay,page25 configurationexamplesforframerelay,page58 additionalreferences,page80. How to configure, verify ppp and basic concepts of frame relay, authentication pap, chap, pppoe, pointtopoint and multipoint frame. What is frame relay topologies reachability issues frame relay signaling frame relay mapping how to configure frame relay pointtopoint and multipoint frame relay configure pointtopoint frame relay multipoint frame relay configuration how to verify frame relay summary introducing vpn solutions benefits of secure vpns other cisco ssl. In previous releases, this required manual assignment in the ospf configuration using the. The other dlcis, 102 and 103, are active and associated with their respective subinterfaces. Configuring a pointtomultipoint and pointtopoint pvc and having ip connectivity is your goal.
Ospf point to multipoint non broadcast over frame relay. May 28, 2014 everything you need to know about frame relay for the ccna exam and also for the route exam. Thoroughly revised and expanded, cisco ios cookbook, 2nd edition, adds sections on mpls, security, ipv6, and ip mobility, and presents solutions to the most common configuration problems, including. At the end of the day, the encapsulated frames look the same on the wire. Study plan cisco ccnp routingswitching 300101 route. A frame relay switch is required for configuring a frame relay network.
Show information about frame relay and the connections that have been made. This type of configuration can be used between hub and spoke sites where you would want to keep the spokes in their own layer 3 subnets. Aug 12, 2019 the dlci number defines a single virtual connection through the wan and are the frame relay equivalent to a hardware address. Pdf establishing frame relay connections using packet tracer. Packets received on one virtual interface can now be forwarded out another virtual interface, even if they are configured on the same physical interface. This tutorial explains how to configure frame relay step by step.
Configuring a pointtomultipoint frame relay wan free ccna. How to configure frame relay on cisco router technig. Comprehensive guide to configuring and troubleshooting. Download the files the instructor uses to teach the course. I thought about how when i did my ccna i focused primarily on getting all the configuratio settings correct and memorizing all the various configuration commands so i could recall them quickly.
Comprehensive guide to configuring and troubleshooting frame. Framerelay point to multipoint topology as you have already seen we will configure r1 interface as multipoint but r2 and r3 as pointtopoint. This guide walks through how to configure frame relay on cisco routers. The extreme simplicity of configuring user equipment in a frame relay.
In previous lessons i gave an introduction about framerelay and explained how to configure framerelay pointtomultipoint. Mikkel is talking about a particular aspect of multipoint frame relay interfaces. Try to configure the serial interfaces of the frame relay switch like below screenshot. Configuring all of the common ip routing protocols rip, eigrp, ospf, and. The encapsulation frame relay command is mandatory on the main serial interface before configuring frame relay sub interfaces.
Curriculum 200101 icnd2 interconnecting cisco networking devices part 2 version 2. The basic frame protocol, which is used in the frame relay is hdlc and the typical speed is higher than the x. Configuring frame relay feature history release modification forinformationaboutfeaturesupportinciscoios software,useciscofeaturenavigator. Either r1 or r2 will need to have framerelay switching enabled to act as the framerelay switch. Configuring interfaces of many types, from serial to atm and frame relay. Ping your own ip address on a multipoint frame relay. The figure below shows the basic frame relay configuration on a cisco router, connected directly to a dedicated frame relay switch, or dce. For an example of configuring frame relay multipoint subinterfaces with dynamic address mapping, see the frame relay multipoint subinterface with dynamic addressing example section. The previous article on configuring frame relay on cisco packet tracer explains it on a simulator, in this article ill show how a cisco router can be used as a frame relay switch. This article will explain frame relay configuration in cisco packet tracer. Since you are working your way to becoming the ultimate networking guru, you are prepared to do a full framerelay config. Unlike leased lines, frame relay requires only a single access circuit to the frame relay. As mentioned previously framerelay is nonbroadcast multiaccess media, which means that there must be a mechanism for layer 3 to layer 2 resolution. Ce protocole est utilise par les fournisseurs dacces pour transmettre des signauxvocaux et numeriques entre reseaux locaux par lintermediaire dun reseau etendu.
Configuring framerelay multipoint subinterfaces youtube. On partially meshed frame relay networks, the problem of split horizon can be overcome by using frame relay subinterfaces. All router interface had been configured with ip addresses and routing protocol ripv2. Mar 24, 2012 for the love of physics walter lewin may 16, 2011 duration. Wilma wants you to change the configuration to use a multipoint subinterface. Each line describes how to get to other networks using dlcis.
After configuring frame relay pvc and you are troubleshooting network issue, verify that frame relay is operating correctly on that interface using the show interfaces interface number command. This is the way the frame relay code works in cisco ios software. These are provided typically by an isp, however if you are studying for your ccna exam a foundation knowledge of how these work is required. Pdf frame relay is a protocol used for connecting devices on a wide. Configuring frame relay dlcis techlibrary juniper networks. Similarly router 1 is configured with serial connectio n ip address 2. Configuring frame pointtopoint subinterfaces you can configure multiple point to point subinterfaces using a single physical frame frame circuit. Frame relay is a scalable wide area network solution which makes use of packetmode transmission. The encapsulation framerelay command is mandatory on the main serial interface before configuring framerelay sub interfaces. Now, as you can see, all these dlcis that are surroundingthe routers, remember those are data link connection identifiers. You could configure the spokes with p2p subinterfaces and it would work ok.
Enarsi training frame relay pointtopoint subinterface. Jun 07, 2019 open the frame relay lab which you have downloaded and configure frame relay the same as screenshot. Configuring a pointtomultipoint frame relay wan free. Take a good look at the topology before you start configuring. Configuring pointtomultipoint ospf over frame relay. And the clock rate is necessary on the dce end of the connection so we have to put it here but in fact not all ios versions require this, you can check or. For the love of physics walter lewin may 16, 2011 duration. The type of frame relay interface is just a way of configuring fr. Understanding frame relay interface encapsulation, configuring the frame relay encapsulation on a physical interface, configuring the frame relay encapsulation on a logical interface, example. Configuring the encapsulation on a physical interface. Configuring frame relay subinterfaces ensures that a single physical interface is treated as multiple virtual interfaces. Frame relay is a wan technology that uses packet switching methodology for communication. Configuring frame relay agh university of science and.
Read the wikipedia article to learn more about frame relay. Physical interface vs multipoint subinterface in cisco frame. In this first example, the local management interface lmi. Frame relay provides a mechanism to allow a physical interface to be partitioned into multiple virtual interfaces. How to setup frame relay multipoint or static map jared. Frame relay fragmentation implementation agreement frf. They are locally significant and they identify themselvesto the frame relay cloud so it knows where they. In many cases, frame relay is more efficient than x. This command also enables frsw to function as a switch connected to a router. Ccna podcast there only seems to be one of these, with a date of july2009.
This capability allows us to overcome split horizon rules. Configuring static address mapping on multipoint subinterfaces. Remove the previous configuration from r1s serial00 interface and create a pointtomultipoint subinterface and configure it with the correct framerelay maps. Configuring frame relay subinterfaces cisco frame relay. Packet tracer configuring frame relay pointtopoint. I think the last screenshot might need some explaining. Although frame relay is popular due to its relatively inexpensive nature, it is being replaced in many areas by. If you have no idea what framerelay is or what a pvc, dlci or lmi is you should start with my introduction to framerelay first. Understanding frame relay dlcis, configuring a pointtopoint frame relay connection, configuring a pointtomultipoint frame relay connection, configuring a multicastcapable frame relay connection. And he is correct that if you want to be able to ping your own interface, then you must manually configure a frame relay mapping of your own address to one of the dlcis on the interface.
Configuring frame relay interface encapsulation techlibrary. Configuring a pointtomultipoint frame relay connection 21. This article is a completion of two previously discussed labs where we talked about ospf multipoint nonbroadcast over frame relay and ospf point to multipoint over frame relay. Nov 02, 2005 frame relay is an industrystandard, switched data link layer protocol that handles multiple virtual circuits using highlevel data link control hdlc encapsulation between connected devices. Note that by default split horizon rule is in effect on interfaces and eigrp traffic between r2 lan and r3 lan would not be advertisted if we will not disable this rule on r1 s00. Understanding frame relay dlcis, configuring a pointtopoint frame relay connection, configuring a pointto multipoint frame relay connection, configuring a multicastcapable frame relay connection. Configuring pointtopoint frame relay subinterfaces free. The first two lines use serial 0 as the starting point. Configure static address mapping on multipoint subinterfaces. How to configure framerelay pointtomultipoint this time well take a look at the configuration of framerelay pointtomultipoint.
The frame relay is the packet switched network as well as it may compare with the x. The dlci number defines a single virtual connection through the wan and are the frame relay equivalent to a hardware address. Frame relay was conceived as a protocol for use over serial interfaces and was designed for networks with large t1 installations. Jun 16, 2010 since you are working your way to becoming the ultimate networking guru, you are prepared to do a full framerelay config. The basic configuration of frame relay is simple, but the network. Frame relay is a highperformance wan protocol that operates at the physical and data link layers of the osi reference model.
This video is part of the ccna complete video course by. Frame relay point to multipoint topology as you have already seen we will configure r1 interface as multipoint but r2 and r3 as pointtopoint. Configuring and troubleshooting frame relay document id. Next we need to setup the frame relay section of the cloud. Configuring frame relay pointtopoint subinterfaces lab 030. C o n t e n t s widearea networking overview 1 finding feature information 1 frame relay 1 frame relay atm internetworking 4 switched multimegabit data service 4 link access procedure balanced and x. In this lesson well take a look at framerelay pointtopoint which is far easier to configure.
The definitions for frame relay are contained in documents from the international. In this lab we will discuss about ospf point to multipoint nonbroadcast over frame relay, will briefly compare with previously discussed ospf network types and will. Use show framerelay pvc and show framerelay map to troubleshoot connectivity. How to configure a cisco router as a frame relay switch.
Configuring frame relay linkedin learning, formerly. If you use gns3 you can use the simpletoconfigure framerelay switch emulator. The information in this document is based on these software and hardware versions. Frame relay in ccna ccna ccnp certification handson lab configuring two cisco routers. And the second option is by using the multipoint subinterface on s000 of router0 like this. Verify the framerelay map statements using the show framerelay map command. The table below lists the frame relay frame format components illustrated in the figure above. It also shows that some packets have actually passed across the pvc. The show interfaces command displays how the encapsulation is set up, along with useful layer 1 and layer 2 status information, including. Inverse arp will map the remote ip addresses to the correct dlci. Interconnecting cisco networking devices part 2 icnd2. Open vce files convert vce to pdf exam formatter vce mobile tutorial. When configuring frame relay i always pick one router and use it as the starting point.
Configuring a framerelay switch is outside the scope of the ccna, ccnp and even the ccie exam. Dec 04, 2011 this article will explain frame relay configuration in cisco packet tracer. For routing traffic between devices will use eigrp routing protocol, we have used 2600 series routers and one frame relay switch. Pvc, then it is time to start planning the frame relay configuration. Frame relay is an industrystandard, switched data link layer protocol that handles multiple virtual circuits using highlevel data link control hdlc encapsulation between connected devices. A network where all sites are connected with each others via direct link.
The following figure illustrates a frame relay frame ansi t1. This lab will discuss and demonstrate the configuration and verification of multipoint frame relay interfaces. You can also try this on live routers and other network simulators, but the frame relay switch configuration varies. A static map links a specified nexthop protocol address to a specified dlci. Join lazaro diaz for an indepth discussion in this video, configuring frame relay, part of ccna cert prep. Either r1 or r2 will need to have frame relay switching enabled to act as the frame relay switch. In this lab youll learn how to configure multiple frame relay pointtopoint subinterfaces terminated by a single multipoint interface at a central office. Frame relay configuration having looked at both frame relay concepts and an example of the communication process, lets take a look at configuring a cisco router to use frame relay. Our network in this example is configured as illustrated in the figure below. Before we get started with configuration,lets talk a little bit about what you see in front of you. As mentioned previously frame relay is nonbroadcast multiaccess media, which means that there must be a mechanism for layer 3 to layer 2 resolution. A basic understanding of frame relay and ospf configuration. Everything you need to know about frame relay for the ccna exam and also for the route exam.
Consider figure 2, a company lets say abc has purchased frame relay wan service from a provider to connect three of its offices. Frame relay allows for a single serial interface on the router to connect multiple remote sites with the help of virtual circuits. How to configure frame relay in cisco packet tracer jesins. This chapter describes the tasks for configuring frame relay on the communication server. In this lab we will setup a frame relay point to multipoint topology on cisco routers by using gns3. Refer to configuring ospf and configuring and troubleshooting frame relay for more information. The lan connectivity for faster file transfers and interactive sessions are suitable for the frame relay. Configuring a pointtomultipoint frame relay wan when it comes to the hub and spoke topology, the hub is most commonly deployed with a pointtomultipoint interface. Consider figure 2, a company lets say abc has purchased framerelay wan. On serial0 of frame relay switch add the following dlci and named with router name or anything you want.565 988 1182 312 967 1171 705 278 1095 474 1166 697 623 107 180 434 552 1080 645 588 674 202 298 91 353 883 1096 69 1118 884 1162 140 219 678 523