Bovine ephemeral fever bef is a viral disease of cattle and buffalo. The pdf file you selected should load here if your web browser has a pdf reader plugin installed for example, a recent version of adobe acrobat reader if you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with pdfs, highwire press provides a helpful frequently asked questions about pdfs alternatively, you can download the pdf file directly to your computer, from where it. Bef is not transmitted by close contact, bodily secretions, or aerosol droplets, and carriers are not known. Bovine ephemeral fever is most prevalent in the wet season in the tropics and in summer to early autumn in the subtropics or temperate regions when conditions favor multiplication of biting. Introduction bovine ephemeral fever bef or threeday stiff sickness is a clinically severe, short duration, noncontagious arboviral disease of cattle and buffaloes 15. Bovine ephemeral fever is an economically important disease of cattle and water buffalo in most tropical and subtropical regions of africa, australia, the middleeast and asia. Bovine ephemeral fever bef is an arthropodborne viral disease of cattle caused by a single stranded rna virus that belongs to the rhabdovirus group. Kejadian penyakit bovine ephemeral fever bef pada sapi potong peranakan limousin.
The bef virus lifecycle is maintained through a vectorhost system. Outbreaks of bovine ephemeral fever bef occurred in israel in 1990, 1999, and 2004. There is a sudden onset of fever as high as 41 0 c compared with the normal temperature of about 38 0. Electron microscopic study of a strain of bovine ephemeral fever virus in mouse and guineapig brain. Infection results in fever, stiffness and a temporary reluctance to move followed, usually, by complete recovery. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengembangkan teknik enzymelinked immunosorbent assay elisa untuk mendeteksi antibodi terhadap virus bovine ephemeral fever bef. Bovine ephemeral fever bef, also commonly known as threeday stiffsickness, is an infectious disease caused by an arthropodborne rhabdovirus bovine ephemeral fever virus befv affecting cattle and water buffalo bubalus bubalis. Bovine ephemeral fever uren 1989 australian veterinary. Kejadian penyakit bovine ephemeral fever bef pada sapi potong peranakan limousin agus sjafarjanto, suko winoto pdf. The virus has been only partly characterised and still awaits final classification. Feb 10, 2016 bovine ephemeral fever bef is an arthropodborne viral disease of cattle caused by a single stranded rna virus that belongs to the rhabdovirus group. Pada penelitian ini dikembangkan uji elisa langsung direct elisa dan tidak langsung indirect elisa dengan menggunakan antibodi monoklonal blocking elisa. Epidemiological investigation of bovine ephemeral fever. The main patterns of bef spread were similar in the 1990 and in 1999 epidemics, and the bef virus was probably carried in vectors transported by air streams across the rift valley and the red sea.
Molecular epidemiology of bovine ephemeral fever virus in. Overview of bovine ephemeral fever generalized conditions. The pathogenesis of bovine ephemeral fever virus infection. Jurnal vitek bidang kedokteran hewan terbit 1 kali dalam 1 tahun. Bovine ephemeral fever bef, commonly known as three day sickness, is a disease of cattle and occasionally buffaloes, marked by short fever, shivering, lameness and muscular stiffness. Haematological observations revealed a neutrophilia with a left shift and a lymphopaenia at the time of peak clinical reaction.
Pdf performa reproduksi pada sapi potong peranakan limosin. Angka kematian sangat kecil sekali tidak sampai 1% tetapi angka kesakitam tinggi deptan, 2001. Penyakit klinis berjalan sangat singkat, biasanya berakhir tidak lebih dari tiga hari, dengan morbiditas tinggi tetapi mortalitas rendah. Salient features of the disease are its acute and aggressive clinical. Bovine ephemeral fever bef, caused by the bovine ephemeral fever virus family rhabdoviridae, genus ephemerovirus is a noncontagious inflammatory disease, of short duration, that affects cattle.
Anggota lain dari genus ini virus adelaide river, virus kimberley, berrimah virus, virus puchong dan virus malakal dapat menimbulkan reaksi silang dalam beberapa tes serologi. Development and behaviour of a strain of bovine ephemeral fever virus with an unusual host range. In endemic regions peak incidence is seen in the summer and autumn months and epizootics will often coincide after a period of prolonged rain. Epizootics of bovine ephemeral fever on dairy farms in saudi arabia. Penyakit ini dapat menimbulkan kerugian ekonomi yaitu dapat menurunkan produksi susu dan pertambahan berat badan masingmasing sebesar 43% dan 10kg soleha et al. The pdf file you selected should load here if your web browser has a pdf reader plugin installed for example, a recent version of adobe acrobat reader. Bovine ephemeral fever an overview sciencedirect topics.
Virus ini mempunyai besaran antara 80140 nm, dan berbentuk seperti peluru, mempunyai amplop, sehingga sensitf terhadap diethylether dan sodium deoxycholate st. It has been known for the past decades in iran based on clinical signs but lack of an accurate diagnosis has made the real feature of disease obscured. Bovine ephemeral fever virus distribution in the northern territory, bef virus activity was very widespread, with seroconversions beginning in october in the most northerly sites and continuing through to aprilmay. Typically, affected animals are only unwell for a few days hence its more common name, threeday sickness.
Other cell cultures such as bhk 21 c or vero cells may be used but they are less sensitive and require serial passage. If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with pdfs, highwire press provides a helpful frequently asked questions about pdfs. The pathogenesis of bovine ephemeral fever virus infection of. Although mortality rates are typically low, infection prevalence and morbidity rates. Inapparent infections can develop in cape buffalo, hartebeest, waterbuck, wildebeest, deer, and possibly goats. There was activity at alice springs from january to april. Bovine ephemeral fever by iowa state university center for. Bovine ephemeral fever article about bovine ephemeral. Bovine ephemeral fever bovine ephemeral fever disebabkan oleh virus bef, yang termasuk dalam single stranded rna, genus ephemerovirus, family rhabdoviridae. Bovine ephemeral fever threeday sickness in dairy cattle.
Bovine ephemeral fever is an insecttransmitted, noncontagious, viral disease of cattle and water buffalo that is seen in africa, the middle east, australia, and asia. Pdf bovine ephemeral fever pada ternak sapi potong di. Befv occurs seasonally in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions of africa, asia and australia. Bovine ephemeral fever is geographically distributed from tropical to temperate zones such as parts. Jurnal kedokteran hewan indrawati sendow, dkk issn. Low levels of antibody have been recorded in several. Bovine ephemeral fever is an economically important arboviral disease that affects cattle and water buffalo, and is widespread in tropical and semitropical areas of the eastern hemisphere. Bovine ephemeral fever is caused by bovine ephemeral fever virus befv, a member of the genus ephemerovirus in the family rhabdoviridae. Bovine ephemeral fever bef is an arboviral short for arthropodborne viral disease of cattle and water buffalos that is caused by the bef virus befv, which is a member of the genus ephemerovirus in the family rhabdoviridae. Peter kirkland senior principal research scientist elizabeth macarthur agricultural institute menangle and graham bailey cattle health coordinator animal biosecurity and welfare orange. Typically, affected animals are only sick for a few days, hence the alternative name three day sickness. Ephemeral fever remains a viral disease of considerable importance to many countries including australia.
A knowledge resource to understand virus diversity. The isolation of bovine ephemeral fever bef virus in aedes albopictus cell cultures from blood taken during fever is the most efficient method available uren et al. Bovine ephemeral fever synonyms, bovine ephemeral fever. Caused by an arthropodborne rhabdovirus, bovine ephemeral fever virus befv, the disease occurs seasonally over a vast expanse of the globe encompassing much of africa, the middle east, asia and australia. Bovine ephemeral fever by iowa state university center. Bovine ephemeral fever hanya menyerang sapi dan kerbau dan tidak dapat menulari dan menimbulkan penyakit pada hewan lain.
A study of the pathogenesis of bovine ephemeral fever confirmed that the major clinical signs were fever lasting no more than 2 days, with increased respiratory rate, dyspnoea and some degree of lameness. Bovine ephemeral fever bef is a disabling viral disease of cattle and water buffaloes. Serosurvey data showed extensive activity in the victoria river. Hosts it is a acute arthropodborne viral disease of cattle and water buffalo that is seen in africa, the middle east, australia and asia.
Bovine ephemeral fever befv is an arthropodborne disease of cattle and water buffaloes. Penyakit ini dapat menimbulkan kerugian ekonomi yaitu dapat menurunkan produksi susu dan pertambahan berat badan masingmasing sebesar 43% dan 10kg. Oct 17, 2014 bovine ephemeral fever demam tiga hari adalah suatu penyakit viral pada sapi atau kerbau yang ditandai dengan terjadinya demam tinggi, rasa sakit otot, dan kepincangan akoso, 1996. Bovine ephemeral fever or 3day sickness is an acute febrile illness of cattle and water buffaloes. Introduction bovine ephemeral fever bef is a non contagious arthropodeborne disease of cattle and water buffaloes caused by the bovine ephemeral fever virus nandi and negi, 1999. Epidemiology and control of bovine ephemeral fever. Penyakit bovine ephemeral fever pada sapi ilmu ternak. Bovine ephemeral fever bef or three days sickness is one of the most common disease in cattle. It can cause significant economic impact through reduced milk production in dairy herds, loss of condition in beef cattle and loss of draught animals at the time of harvest. The prevalence, geographic range, and severity of the disease vary from year to year, and epidemics occur periodically. There is a sudden onset of fever as high as 41 0 c compared with the normal temperature of about 38 0 c. Bovine ephemeral fever bef adalah salah satu penyakit yang paling banyak menyerang ternak sapi khususnya di daerah gunungkidul.
Some closely related viruses, such as kotonkan virus, may cause similar illnesses. Bovine ephemeral fever disebabkan oleh bovine ephemeral fever virus befv, anggota genus ephemerovirus dari family rhabdoviridae. Bovine ephemeral fever disebabkan oleh virus rna beruntai tunggal ssrna sensenegatif genus ephemerovirus yang termasuk famili rhabdoviridae barigye et al. Epidemiological analysis of bovine ephemeral fever in 2012. Bovine ephemeral fever bef also known as three day sickness is an arthropod vectorborne disease of cattle and is caused by bovine ephemeral fever virus befv, a member of the genus ephemerovirus in the family rhabdoviridae. Synonyms for bovine ephemeral fever in free thesaurus. Befv infection causes a sudden onset of fever and other clinical signs including lameness, anorexia and ruminal stasis, followed by a sustained drop in milk production. After significant falls of rain, we often see an increase in cases of bef in the area. Bovine ephemeral fever three day sickness by mujahid hussain 2.
The disease is caused by rhabdoviridae virus transmitted through mosquito as a vectors. Penyakit bef sangat sangat dipengaruhi curah hujan, ketinggian wilayah, populasi ternak, dan keberadaan vektor penyakit walker, 20. While the illness is usually brief, it can result in decreased milk yield, loss of condition and reproductive losses, and recovery can be prolonged in some. Although bef virus was first thought to contain 6 structural proteins there is increasing evidence to suggest that it contains the 5 proteins characteristic. Caused by an insect borne virus, the disease is widespread in northern australia. In the 2004 outbreak, the primary focus of the disease was the southern mediterranean coastal plain and the.
Studies on the pathogenesis of bovine ephemeral fever. Bovine ephemeral fever is an arthropod borne rhabdovirus found in tropical and temperate regions of the world. This paper aims to determine the incidence of bef cases in gunungkidul district, yogyakarta. Bovine ephemeral fever three day sickness in dairy cattle bovine ephemeral fever bef, also known as threeday sickness, is an important disease in dairy cattle because it is most severe in the more valuable classes of cattle such as bulls, pregnant and lactating cows, and fat, wellconditioned cattle. Merupakan media yang memuat hasil penelitian, kajian ilmiah, laporan kasus lapangan dan juga sarana komunikasi bagi peneliti, pemerhati dan pengelola penelitian kesehatan hewan. Caused by an arthropodborne rhabdovirus, bovine ephemeral fever virus befv, the disease. Pdf epidemiology and control of bovine ephemeral fever. At least 4 antigenic subtypes have been identified, but there is only one serotype.443 852 822 277 808 1211 670 323 1007 1389 1466 200 891 49 1393 1064 313 944 928 383 1480 162 337 1257 580 350 196 1352 1286 1295 595 504 456 1301 766 1032 253 1266 549 1336 1340 962 252 237 661 556 467 257 866